The Chinese radical 艹

And its meaning component forms


  1. grass

Called 草字头 cǎo zì tóu in Chinese, the Chinese radical 艹 cǎo is the modern form of the character 艸, which is nearly no longer used. What an evolution, from the wavy 艸 to the straightforward 艹! Both forms look like two strands of grass sticking out of the ground, don’t you think?

艹 is a character meaning component

Everything you need to know about the Chinese radical and component 艹 water in an easily downloadable and sharable image

艹 is a very frequent meaning component in Chinese characters. You’ll find 艹 in characters and words related directly or indirectly to grass and plants.

These characters all contain 艹 and have a direct link with plants:







medicine; drug

The component 艹 can also be found in words that aren’t directly related to plants.

艹 is a very common element in Chinese characters and you’ll find it sometimes in characters that have nothing to do with plants.
There is no common rule you can follow concerning these exceptions, and often, history and the evolution of the Chinese character over time is behind these exceptions.
Therefore, to know why some words contain 艹 but are not related to plants, you’ll need to look up the word’s etymology and historical background. Some words used to be related to grass or plants but aren’t anymore. Despite that, they kept the element 艹.  For other characters, it’s just their simplified form that uses  艹. When you check their traditional form, you’ll quickly see there’s no  艹 in the character’s composition. In brief: for some characters, you’ll need to explore to understand the presence of 艹 in them!

Characters not related with plants but containing the Chinese component艹

You can find the Chinese component 艹 used in words like:

jié: holiday; festival

If you look at 节’s traditional form , you can easily see that the presence of 艹 is relatively new.

 róng: glory; honor; thriving 

In its traditional form , the top is composed of two little 火 elements and not grass at all.

 yì: skill; art

You’ll also find the meaning component 艹 in many other Chinese characters. Browse the full list here.

All 80,000+ Chinese characters share the same character components. Chinese character components are therefore essential for Chinese learners: they are the building blocks of Chinese. Chinese character components help tremendously with understanding a character: they provide information on its meaning or on its pronunciation. In short, knowing character components will help you analyse, learn and remember each Chinese character much better.

Join us on Ninchanese as we teach you everything about the Chinese character components you need to know, little by little.

Related: Explore the key character components to know one by one, with this selection of meaning components and phonetic components.

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NinchaneseChinese Radical 艹 Grass